Legal Requirements Of Private Investigator In Singapore
Private investigators who are also are known as private eyes
provide surveillance and investigative services. The
services are offered day in day out to law enforcement
agencies, private businesses, banks, and other money lending
institutions, insurance firms and many other parties in the
Private investigators are thus essential people in an
economy whose services are in high demand and are highly
valued by the parties in the marketplace. Their main work
revolves around surveillance and investigation although
particular tasks differ from a duty to another.
Different private investigators are equipped with different
skills to handle the specific tasks that fall under their
fields of training. Other than their professional skills, a
private investigator is also required to fulfill a number of
legal requirements. Some of these requirements are similar,
but most of them differ from one country to another.
The following are some of the legal requirements of a
private investigator in Singapore:
- To be a private investigator in Singapore, you should have
achieved some level of formal education. Although it is not
a requirement, formal education and training will equip you
with the professional skills required to make your work more
Those with some knowledge in criminology and political
science have upper hand investigations rotate around these
two fields. The two courses equip one with skills that can
propel your career forward in your area of specialization.
The much-needed skills include:
. Skills on how to handle legal procedures concerning a
specific investigative task. Evidence of gathering
abilities. skills on how to deduce facts and pierce evidence
- An investigator must have some experience in the
investigative field. Employers usually prefer candidates
with vast experience in criminology, criminal justice or any
other area that involves investigation and surveillance.
- Skills in investigation help one to handle different
situations accordingly. They also help one to avoid trouble
and help one defend himself properly should need to arise.
- The skills also help one to deliver quality services and
meet the client's satisfaction.
Apart from education, a private investigator must also have
excellent interpersonal skills, qualities, and interests.
These ensure that you are cut for the job. They help you
develop the required passion for success and hence reduces
troubles during your career as a private investigator.
A person with the interpersonal skills that much the skills
needed in criminal justice or criminology or political
science may find the job more rewarding and can be assured
that they are destined for success as private investigators.
Most of these skills come naturally, and self-evaluation can
play a vital role in determining if you are fit for the job.
Some of the skills and requirements under this include:
- Proper communication skills. As a private investigator,
you interact with different stakeholders. Good communication
skills. Will help you communicate easily with the clients
and your sources of information while in the field.
- Should be highly observant.A private investigator
should be keen at all times and able to capture even the
slightest of details. Some details might seem small but can
prove very crucial in the course of an investigation.
- Empathy and patience are also highly recommended when
presenting your findings to the client. An investigator
should engage some intelligence while relaying some
disturbing news to a client so that the client can cope and
come to terms with the result and avoid reacting.
- Private investigators should be a person of high
integrity. With the highest level of integrity skills, one
can be honest and have appropriate moral principles needed
to keep confidential information, and important secrets
learned from a client during the investigation.
- One should also be courageous enough to handle an
investigation and witness in courts or any other formal
gathering with confidence whenever necessary.
- As much as teamwork is encouraged, a private investigator
should also be able to carry out his/ her duties
independently which makes him/ her more flexible and thus
A private investigator needs a valid license which is issued
by the licensing authority upon fulfilling the following:
- You must have attained the age of 16 years old to apply
for the license
- You must prove, with a certificate from a medical doctor,
that you are physically fit and in a position to comfortably
carry out your duties and perform the tasks that come with
- Annual certification by a medical doctor is needed for
applicants above the age of 60
- A 5 year’s operating license is issued upon fulfilling the
The Singapore law dictates that before one is deployed as a
private investigator, he/ she should:
- Pass a performance module showing that you can carry out
an investigation without breaking the law.
- Obtain a WSQ (workforce Skills Qualification)
Upon deployment, as a private investigator, you are required
to adhere to the set of rules and regulations stipulated
regarding a private investigation. These include:
- You have to carry the license with you all the time for as
long a you are on duty. This is according to section 20
using the Private Security Industry Act in Singapore.
- You must identify yourself and show your license to anyone
who asks to see it
- You should also remember that the license is your
identification card which makes your work efficient by
enabling people to identify you with your job but it does
not give you any right to go against the law.
Private investigators are also guided by a general code of
conduct that defines behaviors considered appropriate and
inappropriate while investigators are out in the field
working. These include:
- You should treat all with respect and in a professional
- You should treat all with equality and should discriminate
against no one.
- you should not use abusive language or profanity
- Use of excessive force is prohibited
- You should not be under the influence of drugs or alcohol
at any time while working
The above are some of the primary requirements of a private
investigator in Singapore. Additional requirements may be
necessary given that private investigators work in different
areas with different employers or clients depending on the
nature of the investigation. With the right skills, the job
of a private investigator can be so fulfilling
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