Key Responsibilities Of A Private Investigator
Private investigation is a unique profession that involves
application of diverse skills to investigate issues. Private
investigators perform multi-faceted roles requiring skills
such as legal skills, technical skills and financial skills
.They occupy an important space in legal case and
identifying the whereabouts of missing persons. Private
investigators also function as insurance investigators and
corporate investigators. The mandate of private
investigators is to put together crucial information that is
needed by a client. A private investigator works in liaison
with lawyers, business entities or individual persons.
Likewise, the investigator has the option of operating a
company to provide services independently.
Private investigators perform various roles. Below is a summary of their
· Assessing and validating the identity of a person.
· Assessing the financial background of a person.
· Investigating crimes.
· Looking into a person’s family history and background.
The main responsibilities of a private investigator are:
1. Research activities
Research is a priority to a private investigator. Before
engaging in other methods of getting information, private
investigators have to first conduct their own research.
Research is undertaken to familiarize with information about
a person or a case. Gaining such knowledge gives private
investigators direction as they unravel more issues related
to their investigation. Research focuses on reviewing legal
and public documents pertaining a case, retrieving computer
databases, examining background information of persons
involved in a case and any other information related to a
crime a person has been accused of.
From an employment perspective, private investigators help
employers in the recruitment and hiring process. When a
person is seeking employment, employers can hire a private
investigator to conduct background checks. The investigator
schedules an appointment with a former employer or a referee
to get honest views about a potential employee. This is done
to enable employers to acquire more information about a
potential employee. It is necessary to do so to avoid
recruiting persons that have criminal records or have been
involved in malicious activities.
2. Conducting interviews
Other than research, a private investigator has the right to
schedule interviews with relevant persons. The interviews
involve persons who have a connection to the matter under
investigation. To acquire credible information, the
investigator should conduct separate interviews with every
person that is tied to a case. Interviews supplement
research conducted by a private investigator. The
investigator poses questions and responses are elicited by
the respondents. The responses given help the investigator
to get more insights about an investigation. The
investigator should keep the information gathered from the
interview very confidential and only disclose it to the
concerned parties. Confidentiality is important to assist in
building a watertight case endowed with strong evidence Face
to face interviews are very convenient due to the following
· An investigator is able to get firsthand information about
· Probing aids in getting more information about a case or
· An investigator is able to verify whether information
provided is true or a mere exaggeration of the situation.
· An investigator may acquire further leads concerning a
· A different perspective of the case is gained.
. 3. Surveillance
Surveillance is mostly employed in unearthing information
related to crimes committed or infidelity issues. It simply
means keenly observing a person of interest in an
investigation without his knowledge. Surveillance is done to
establish how a person is related to a crime that happened
in the recent past or one that is about to happen. A private
investigator monitors the movement of a person and takes
note of each activity done in a certain place. Afterwards,
the investigator briefs a client of the findings. There are
various surveillance techniques used by investigators:
· Use of CCTV cameras (Preconstructive surveillance
CCTV cameras rely on technology to document information in
form of video images. They are located on places frequently
visited by individuals being investigated. They are used to
record information about the individuals which is then
accessed by an investigator. The investigator is able to
retrieve and analyze the information attentively. Evaluating
the information helps in pinpointing the specific details
that are significant to the investigation.
· Use of evidence found on a crime scene (reconstructive
In this technique, an investigator focuses on a crime scene
to find out if useful evidence exists. If there is any
evidence, it is used to formulate ideas of what exactly took
place. The evidence also assists in identification of the
persons who were present at the crime scene and their
overall involvement in the crime.
4. Reinforce law enforcement activities
A private investigator reinforces the work of policemen.
Policemen are at times faced with lots of workload because
crimes happen almost on a daily basis. Their duties might
become overwhelming. Juggling different multiple law
enforcement activities is often impossible. To ensure all
duties are accomplished, policemen collaborate with private
investigators in pursuing criminals. The investigators
monitor and alert policemen of the location of suspects
leading to their capture. This is to ensure they apprehend
the criminals and present enough evidence to enlighten
judges and magistrates of the specific crimes committed by
the criminals. In case policemen face restrictions in
solving a case, private investigators help them to garner
the evidence needed.
5. Give testimonies in a court
Testimonies are used by a jury to make a court ruling.
Private investigators can be used by attorneys to aid them
in proving the innocence of their clients. The investigators
give testimonies based on the evidence gathered from
multiple sources. Because they are experts in their own
capacity, they are able to proficiently present evidence
using a convincing approach.
6. Undertake criminal investigations
Private investigators assume the role of the police in
certain occasions. Some people are skeptical of the
procedure followed by the police to carry out investigations
of criminal nature. They instead decide to hire a private
investigator to independently help them resolve a crime.
To wrap up, private investigators are involved in many
roles. They can investigate a company’s financial status,
recover stolen funds, and expose insurance scams. The roles
that an investigator is tasked with demand reasonable
thinking, objectivity, versatile skills and experience.
Possession of these attributes guide an investigator when
gathering information needed by clients.
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